The Trade Union Act 2016 came into force at the end of last week. Find out more about the key changes.

The Trade Union Act 2016 now in force

The Trade Union Act 2016 came into force at the end of last week. Find out more about the key changes.
 

The Trade Union Act 2016 came into force at the end of last week.
 

The main changes are:
 

  • Lawful industrial action has to have a minimum turnout of 50% of those entitled to vote;
  • The majority of individuals must vote in favour of action;
  • In essential public services (including health, education, fire and transport), at least 40% of those who were entitled to vote in the ballot will be required to vote in favour of action;
  • The voting paper has to include a summary of the issues giving rise to the proposed action;
  • Unions will be required to give employers 14 rather than 7 days’ notice of industrial action (they can agree shorter periods);
  • A ballot for strike action covers action within 6 months of the ballot (this can be extended to 9 months if the employer agrees);
  • Unions will be required to appoint an identifiable supervisor when engaged in picketing;
  • After a transitional period of at least 12 months, all new trade union members will be required to pay into union political funds only if they have actively opted in; and
  • The Government will commission an independent review on electronic balloting for industrial action.
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